This month, the second Brazilian bean crop plantings are underway as IAC released new bean varieties with improved traits.

By Marcelo Lüders

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It is estimated that last year’s carry over has reached 150,000 tons of carioca beans. On the other hand, the first harvest in Brazil was a very wet harvest with record rainfall. In the province of Paraná, which is the largest carioca producer, some crops reported rainfall of about 500 millimeters just in the month of January.

A portion of the damaged product ends up returning for consumption use, even if the processors left a large amount of sprouts and stains after the crop was artificially dried, the damaged crops end up being sold for 1/3 of the normal value and are typically consumed in the peripheries of the larger city centers. Toward the end of January, this product at a reduced price prevented the newly harvested crops from appreciating higher values toward the end of January. The values ​​reached for carioca beans are no more than US $ 580 to US$ 590.00 FOB in the fields of Minas Gerais and Goiás.

Figure 1: Top 9 States, Seeded Area in Hectares 2017/18

At this moment, the second Brazilian bean crop is being planted and it is estimated to reach 1.48 million hectares and the planted area is approximately the same as last year. Currently the major concern is that the National Institute of Meteorology (INMET Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia, INMET) predicts a severe drought for the southern region of the country. In this region black bean crops, as well as carioca crops may have the risk of being damaged.

Improved Traits and Taste

On February 24th there will be a great pulses event near Brasilia, the Federal Capital of Brazil. Twenty-eight different beans and chickpeas were planted in 2018, also there is some great news worth sharing.

The commercial crops for both Cranberry Beans and Carioca beans, developed by IAC (Instituto Agronômico de Campinas), do not lose color and are slow to darkening. Additionally, the black-eye beans developed by BR Pulses, a private company, have adapted this legume to the different micro climates of Brazil. These developments are the result of more than ten years of collaboration between Development Director Dr. Adinan F. Lopes and Researcher Dr. Michael Dijie Thung. Also notably, the black-eye beans have important quality characteristics that will be of interest to external markets.

Dr. Adinan points out the U.S. market rewards for producing large legumes, also that the taste profile of the black-eye beans resembles chestnuts and not the typical flavor of other black-eye bean cultivars currently being planted in some countries.


“We were able to produce in two different planting seasons in Brazil, in February and May,” concludes Dr. Adinan. Another aspect that these producers are taking into account is that the planting occurs only in the hands of producers with certifications of sustainability and use of organic products, therefore allowing targeting of the American and European markets.

Regarding cranberry beans, Dr. Alisson Chioratto of the IAC highlights that it is a fast-growing cultivar. The taste is characteristic of Italian Borlotti and is very well adapted now to the climate of the tropical Brazilian savanna. “I’m sure canners will appreciate this bean. We have registered through our partners, so that producers meet all sustainability requirements including those that have given way to the use of biological products eliminating chemical defenses.”

Another cultivar that is gaining popularity is the “Pinto Beans Tiger”. Developed in Brazil, this bean has the very important feature of being slow to darkening. The Brazilian market is very demanding with the color quality of beans. As beans are sold as “all natural”, the consumer associates the color to the freshness which makes it difficult to sale beans that have darkened after 30 to 60 days.

 

State

 2017/18 Previsão (¹)

Ceará

 407,00

Paraná

 249,00

Mato Grosso

 230,70

Minas Gerais

 116,80

Paraiba

 90,00

Pernanbuco

 78,50

Bahia

 60,00

Maranhão

 51,40

Rio Grande Norte

 35,80

Mato Grosso do Sul

 26,00

Tocantis

 23,80

Rondonia

 19,30

Rio Grande do Sul

 19,30

Goiás

 19,00

Santa Catarina

 18,30

São Paulo

 14,7

Acre

 7,60

Piaui

 6,30

Espirito Santo

 6,10

Amazonas

 3,80

Amapa

 1,40

Rio de Janeiro

 1,20

Distrito Federal

 0,90

TOTAL

 1.486,9

Figure 2: Data Table, Seeded Area in Hectares 2017/18
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